What is ODI in Cricket

Currently, T20 cricket is popping up all over the world. Leagues like IPL, CPL, BBL, etc. draw more viewers than probably any other format of cricket. However, T20 is only one format of limited overs cricket and it’s fairly new. The other sensation from the same class has always been One Day International, also known as ODI. 

In this guide today, we’re going to learn what is ODI in cricket, ODI cricket rules, the history of the format, how the Indian national team is doing, etc. And of course, we’re going to look into the betting potential for this format in India.

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The History of ODI

For the longest time, the only format of cricket was the test. It has been prevalent since the mid-19th century. What started with only England and Australia has now become an assembly of 12 teams. These 12 teams are also full members of the International Cricket Council (ICC) and hold permanent ODI status. 

The very first ODI was played back in 1971. Ironically, the match was between England and Australia. Moreover, the match was held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG). It’s “ironic” because the very first official test match was also between the same teams and it took place at the same venue, back in 1877. The actual match in 1971 was supposed to be a test match but the first 3 days were washed away by heavy rain. The officials then decided to play 40 overs instead, with 8 balls per over. 

Near the end of the same decade, Kerry Packer introduced World Series Cricket. It was the first of its kind and it included a lot of ODI cricket rules that we’re familiar with now. These rules include the use of coloured jerseys, the game being played under floodlights, the use of a white ball instead of the traditional red, and black screens to see the ball better during flight. 

If you’re not aware, Kerry Packer was one of the most influential people in Australia at that time and he made his fortune in the media business. He’s also the force that made international broadcasting of ODI matches possible with multiple camera angles, in-field audio, and graphical scorecards. What ODI stands for in cricket is largely credited to this man as ODIs soon became the most played format in international cricket. 

  • What are ODI Cricket Rules?

    According to the current ODI cricket rules, an ODI match can have 50 overs in each innings. There are only 2, compared to 4 in test cricket. It means each team gets to bat and bowl only once. Typically, an ODI match lasts up to 9 hours during the day. The number of players, however, remains the same as in all other formats. It’s 11 players on each team. Both teams have a designated captain and a wicketkeeper. The rest of the positions are usually interchangeable. Let’s list some common ODI cricket rules.

    What are ODI Cricket Rules?
  • 1

    The Toss

    The toss is an integral part of international cricket. It doesn’t matter whether it’s a test match, an ODI match, or a T20 match. Both teams come to the field joined by the match umpires and the referee. The winner of the toss gets to decide whether the team will bat or bowl. The decision is usually influenced by the condition of the pitch, the possibility of dew after nightfall, the weather forecast, and team formation.

  • 2

    The Innings

    The toss decides which team will bat in the first innings. The opponent team then scatters around the field, going to their assigned fielding position. These positions are determined by the coach in advance but the captain has the liberty to change them based on how previous overs play out. Whatever the score is at the end of innings 1 is the target for the next team to bat. As long as the opposing team can beat the score by 1 run, it wins. And if it loses all the wickets before reaching the run, it loses.

  • 3

    The Bowling Overs

    You already know that the overs in ODI stand for in cricket are limited to 50 per innings. To bowl these overs, the captain can assign bowlers. Each bowler gets to bowl up to 10 overs. From what we’ve seen, each team comes to the field with 5 designated bowlers and they all complete their spells. If the situation demands it, the captain has the freedom to introduce a new bowler. Of course, it must be a player that’s already on the roster and fielding in the match. 

  • 4

    The Tie

    In case the total score of both teams becomes the same after 100 overs of play, it’s considered a tie. Unlike test cricket, there’s no room for a “draw” in ODI. A competitive mindset is what ODI stands for in cricket so we barely see ties in this format. If the tournament allows it, the match can end with a tie. In that case, the points are distributed evenly between the teams. If it becomes a problem for the ranking of qualifying to the next round, the run rates are considered.

The Powerplay

If you’ve followed an ODI match on TV, you may have heard the term “powerplay”. A typical match has 3 powerplays, denoted by P1, P2, and P3. The first powerplay spans from the 1st over to the 10th over. It’s also known as a mandatory powerplay. This is done to stop the fielding side from using too defensive of a field layout that the batting team can’t score.

The white line surrounding the pitch on a field is the 30-yard line, commonly known as the inner field. Only 2 players are allowed outside this circle during P1. This is why we usually see the highest run rate in a match during the first powerplay. The 2nd powerplay or the P2 takes place between the 11th and the 40th over. During this time, 4 fields are allowed outside the 30-yard circle. This is when we see the most dismissals as the fielding team gets an advantage. 

The last 10 overs is when the fielding side gets to use the attacking, normal, and defensive fielding positions with 5 players outside the inner field. It goes to show once again that competition and sportsmanship are what ODI stands for in cricket. 

Best Markets for ODI Cricket Betting in India

We’ve covered everything you needed to know about the ODI cricket rules as well as what does ODI stand for in cricket. On the off chance that you’re thinking about betting on ODI matches, you would need to know the markets. 

  • Match Winner
    This market doesn’t need any explanation. You predict which teams will win the match and add their odds on your bet slip. You get paid according to the odds for each team. As India is one of the top teams, it only makes sense that it’s the favourite most of the time.
  • The Man of the Match
    The man of the match is a respected award presented to the best performer for the ODI match. It might be a batter, a bowler, and or an all-rounder. Indian cricket great Sachin Tendulkar still holds the record for winning most man of the match awards, even after 10 years of his retirement!
  • Toss Winner
    The toss has a big impact on the outcome of the match, especially if it draws in the 2nd innings. That’s why the toss winner is an extremely popular market. It’s very straightforward which means new bettors can benefit from it too.
  • Runs Over/Under
    Punters usually get a range for this market as the sportsbooks project multiple possible outcomes. Over/under 400 and Team 1 over/under 200 are 2 examples where you bet on the whole score for the former and on the team total for the latter.

Who Can Play the ODI Full Form in Cricket?

You may already know that the status of a national cricket team is determined by ICC, the global governing body for international cricket. At the time of writing this “What is ODI in Cricket” guide, 12 teams possess the “permanent ODI status”, meaning they can play ODI matches with other teams possessing the same status throughout the year.

These 12 teams are the same teams that are full members of the ICC and hold the test status. They are:

  1. Australia
  2. England
  3. New Zealand
  4. Pakistan
  5. West Indies
  6. India
  7. Sri Lanka
  8. South Africa
  9. Zimbabwe
  10. Bangladesh
  11. Afghanistan
  12. Ireland

Similar to our list of the test playing countries, this list is also ranked according to the timeline each team got its ODI status. Apart from these 12 teams, ICC grants temporary ODI statuses to teams that are considered associate members of the organisation. This list keeps changing based on the performance of the teams. Currently, the associate members are:

  • Scotland
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Papua New Guinea
  • United Arab Emirates (UAE)
  • Oman
  • United States

Interestingly, the statuses have been granted at different times but they all expire during the 2024 Cricket World Cup Qualifier. The fate of these teams will be determined based on how they perform in the qualifier. The 2 latest additions to the permanent list, Afghanistan and Ireland, were added after their spectacular performance during the 2017/2018 qualifiers.

How is India Doing in ODI Cricket?

As Indians, it’s obvious that the national team of India is in the centre point of focus for you. It goes both ways, for fandom as well as online sports betting. So, how is the Indian national team doing? Well, it’s no news that India has established itself as one of the strongest cricket teams not only in the subcontinent but also in the world! Although the ranks didn’t reflect it when greats like Sachin Tendulkar, Rahul Dravid, or Virender Sehwag played, they laid the foundation for the team. 

It was during the time of captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni who is widely considered one of the best Indian captains of all time. After Kapil Dev, the man who brought India that first ICC World Cup trophy, of course. Currently, the team is led by Rohit Sharma, a very explosive batter who plays in the opening position. The last time team India won the ICC World Cup was in 2011, under the captaincy of MS Dhoni. The latest achievements by the cricket team include the T20 World Cup trophy in 2014, the Champions Trophy in 2017, and the Asia Cup in 2018. 

According to current rankings, India is in the 3rd position for ODI. The team is more successful in the T20 format and it reflects in the 1st position held by it in the ICC rankings. Every time there’s a home or away series for team India, all betting sites that accept players from the country offer markets at great odds. You can already see the list of best betting sites where you can quench your thirst for cricket betting. 

Jarin Ahmed
Like many aspiring writers, Jarin focuses on bringing life to the text for her readers. She is an avid sports lover, growing up in a family obsessed with bookies. She is an expert in the iGaming niche and has secondary obsessions with Gardening and cooking.
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